• Bees and Co.

    Trees are fantastic bee pastures

     
 

Trees and shrubs are fantastic bee pastures

 
 
Many local and non-local trees can serve as a food source for insects.
 
 
Pollen-collecting insects, such as honey bees, wild bees, or butterflies, are very important for our ecosystem. They pollinate wild plants and crops and are absolutely indispensable for our environment. However, the living conditions for insects have deteriorated enormously. A large percentage of our wild bees, for example, are threatened with extinction. For this reason, insect-friendly plants are being planted more and more frequently - the so-called bee pastures.
A bee pasture is a plant that produces a lot of nectar and pollen. These plants are an ideal food source for bees and other pollinating insects such as the bumblebee or butterflies.
 
 
  • Acer campestre
  • Tilia europaea
  • Castanea sativa
  • Malus aldenhamensis
  • Robinia pseudoacacia
  • Salix alba

What can we do?

We can provide more habitats and food for the insects. Not only perennials and annuals count as bee pasture, but also trees and shrubs. Woody plants provide an abundance of nectar and pollen. Therefore, attention should definitely be paid to trees as insect pasture in the garden. Trees such as the field maple (Acer campestre), lime trees (Tilia), the chestnut (Castanea sativa), the apple tree (Malus in species and varieties) or the black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), are just a few examples of natural food sources for insects.
 
 

WHICH TREES AND SHRUBS ARE SUITABLE AS AN INSECT PASTURE?

 

 
Some examples!

Field Maple (Acer campestre)
In bloom from May to June, Acer campestre bears yellowish flowers arranged as racemes or panicles that attract bees in particular, but other insects as well. A great food source! A bee pasture!

Lime trees (Tilia)
They are an important food source for nectar-gathering insects. Due to the large number of blossoms, the trees provide a great mass of food that is used by many insects. The flowering season begins in mid-June with the large-leaved lime, the small-leaved lime follows at the end of June. The flowering period ends in July, when the Caucasian lime and the silver lime show their blossoms which remain on the tree for about six weeks.

Sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa)
Honey bees like to collect pollen from the sweet chestnut because it is very valuable. Besides nectar from the blossoms of the sweet chestnut, the bees also collect honeydew from this tree. A nutrient tree at its best!

Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
The Robinia flower produces large quantities of nectar. In 24 hours on average between 1.7 and 2.9 mg of nectar are secreted. This makes the black locust one of the most important nectar producers and thus bee pastures. The nectar production depends on the outside temperature: the higher the temperature, the more nectar is produced.

Fruit trees (Prunus, Malus and Pyrus)
When fruit trees begin to bloom, a wonderful sight is revealed - even to insects. Cherry plum (Prunus cerasifera) and blackthorn (Prunus spinosa) provide plenty of food early in the year, before other fruit trees such as sweet cherry, plum, apple or pear show their blossoms.

Willow (Salix)
Local willow species are valuable insect plants. In addition to honeybees, over 500 local insect species benefit from the early blooming of the willows, including numerous moths.
 
 

Baumschule
Lorenz von Ehren GmbH

& Co. KG

Maldfeldstr. 4
21077 Hamburg
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